All of us know we are a social being. It means that we really needs other human being to live and survive. Have you even thought or questions, what do we really need?
According to Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper titled “A Theory of Human Motivation”. Those pyramid are his hypothesis of human needs. Where he diversified our needs into six stages. How he came up with that? He studied what he called exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and other people he propose to be least mentally ill and least neurotic (closer to ideal). This understanding remains very popular framework in sociology, research, management training, and secondary and higher psychology instruction.
It was often portrayed shaped like a pyramid because the largest, most fundamental levels of need at the bottom and the need for self-actualization and self-transendence at the top. Maslow theory suggest that the most basic level must be met before the individual will strongly desire (or focus motivation upon) the secondary or higher level needs. While regarding exception to the case, Maslow state that while he originally thought the needs of human had strict guidelines, he believes the “hierarchies” are in much cases interelated rather than sharply seperated.
Here we go lets start from our basic needs :
Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. In broad terms; Water, Food, and Shelter. In essence, a daily needs that must be met, for us to survive.
After our physiological needs are met, our safety needs dominate our motivation. Our safety needs comes from the manifestation of past burden tragedy. Where safety and security needs are classified in broad terms into (and examples) :
1. Personal Security : police, army, safehouse
2. Financial Security : economic insurance, stocks, safe-deposit
3. Health and Well-being : family, friendship, fitness, food nutrition, mental health
4. Safety net against accident/illness : vaccines, vitamin, safe workplace, health insurance
The third level of human needs is interpersonal and involves feeling of belongingness. Interestingly Maslow found that in such cases, this certain needs is strong in childhood and it can override the need for safety. Additionaly, Maslow believe that humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance among their social groups, whether these group are large or small. In reason that many people become susceptible to loneliness, social anxiety, and clinical depression in the absence of this love or belonging element. Wary though, that this need for belonging may overcome the psychological and security needs, depending on the strength of the peer pressure. Where love/ belongings are classified in broad terms into (and examples) :
1. Family : family
2. Intimacy : trust, communication, respect
3. Friendship : clique, activities club, religious group, co-worker
Esteem presents the typical human desire to be accepted and valued by others. It can be observed when we engage in profession or hobby to gain recognition. These activities give the person a sense of contribution or value. Maslow noted that the esteem and the subsequent levels are not strictly seperated, rather than they are closely related.
Self-actualization is where a person recognize their full potential and realization of their full potential. Maslow describes where a person trying to accomplish everything what one can, to become the most what one can be. It can be expressed in such ways; academically, atlethically, arts, and etc. In addition, he believes that in order to understand this level of need, the person must not only achieve the previous needs, but master them. While understanding his/her limit.
Final Remarks :
Maslow live his life devoted for knowledge in psychology. What he proposes is a theory he found in the research of exemplary people of that time. Hopefully his understanding can help us to understand ourselves and other people. So that we can be more suited/wise to interact and fulfill our needs while we are living.
Well… “Understanding Our Needs” post is ended right here. Thanks for reading and please share your insights about this post. I hope this post can be beneficial for your knowledge and growth. Have an awesome day!😉